The role of business economics in making pricing related decisions is to analyse business enterprises and factors that can contribute to their pricing strategy.


The influence that a certain business economics 101 chart still has on most business executives’ view of price and revenue management is huge. Can you guess the one I mean?


You got it: This one (below).


Role of Business Economics


Take a look at this price-volume chart for a moment:


It basically sums up what most executives and leaders know about pricing.


And, because of this chart, most sales directors believe that price and volume are always correlated; and that increasing prices, leads to fewer sales, lost volume and few new business opportunities.


Similarly, because of this chart, many finance directors believe that increasing all prices by 3% is a great idea to instantly increase profit when in fact it can be a terrible idea and a highly disruptive action in the market.


In basic terms, it shows that price and volume are correlated.



What do you think is the problem with these assumptions?


-I: The line on this chart is not fixed and can move on an SKU by SKU and segment by segment basis.


-II: A broad-brush approach to pricing is risky and can lose your hard-earned margin, volume and customers.


-III: That this economic 101 chart is an incomplete view of price profit elasticity and delaying price innovation in B2B businesses.


Why is business economics 101 not always true in the real-world?


To explain further:


This pricing and business economics 101 chart is the root cause for your post price rise pain. Things like:



  • Offering excessive discounts to win and maintain business.


  • Cringing at the price exceptions report and a large spread of special pricing arrangements.


In the real world of business economics, price and volume are not always correlated. Even though we have been taught otherwise at university.


If you don’t believe me, look around you: There are many instances of highly-priced products that also have market dominance and yes, even in B2B commodity businesses and industry.


For example, certain fuels lubricants, cooking oils, timber, adhesives, chemical surfactants, agri-blends – are all commodity products; all have strong market dominance and have high relative prices.


That is when the role of business economics comes into play. Business economics is a study where analysis is produced to make optimal decisions that affect all aspects of a business.


Role of Business Economics


On an SKU by SKU basis, the price-volume chart that we all know does not always translate, and the line actually moves.


A belief that the line never moves has become a latent rule in our brains and one which is positively reinforced during pricing and business economic studies at university.


Applying this rule across individual SKUs and product categories are incomplete and lead to margin loss.


Why does the line move on Business Economics?


Value is often relative, intangible and dependent on the buyer. It is a dynamic concept and it’s the job of a pricing team to continually search, identify and capture value to secure low-risk price premiums – kind of like picking up lots of 50-dollar notes off the floor.


A good pricing team never sets a price and then forgets about it for months – that’s it, my job is done, let’s see the money rolling in. It doesn’t work that way… Rather, a pricing team battles daily to disprove this business economics 101 chart to generate more revenue and margin for the business.


Even if the team thinks they’ve identified value, a pricing environment can and often does change. This is why the line on the chart moves, and a pricing team needs to constantly think about where it is and where it’ll be in 6-9 months.


A good pricing team is never complacent; they continually test and learn from focused and tactical price actions using the scientific process and a range of price methodology.


A team is always on the lookout for discovering sources of value and understanding how the market responds to price and perceives value.


They seek to capture additional price premiums whether this is in the product itself or the supply chain, network effect or community.


A pricing team is unlike a sales and finance team because it seeks to quantify intrinsic value and monetise intangible value to boost revenue and margin. This is a quantum leap from simple cost-plus pricing – you don’t need a pricing team for that.


The role of business economics concerning creating a good pricing strategy is to help the pricing team to analyse data. The decision then will derive from the product of economic theories and quantitative data.


Great pricing teams challenges conventional and ingrained and often incomplete views on Business Economics:


  • You don’t need a pricing team to just sign off and manage discounts and administer markups.


  • Excessive price reduction to push volume is not the answer to profitable growth


  • Your pricing team should be advised that dropping your list price by 7% so your distributors are happy, does not really make them happy it just lowers the bar for the everyone else and encourages price wars


  • And they would never just increase customer prices by 3% across the board to cover output costs because their profitability analysis said this was a good idea.


A good pricing team will dispel myths, rumours about the market and competition; test assumptions and give you viable pricing options – and explain the trade-offs you’ll end up making with every go-to-market action.




In very simple terms, you need to break old habits and ways of thinking about price and volume; otherwise, you risk overcharging some customers and undercharging other customers.


Business Economics 101 is not really inaccurate, it’s incomplete and can expose your business to risk. It neither tells the full story about your pricing power nor informs you of the risk of margin erosion. When you use price incorrectly.


The role of business economics is to provide analysis derived from economic theories and business practices. Which can help in creating decisions that will provide the most efficient way to meet profit and demand.


Conventional business knowledge based on well-known economic principles may be widespread. But that doesn’t mean they’re always effective and applicable to set and manage price and revenue.


In many instances, the opposite is true; economics 101 outdated, harmful, and a hindrance to pricing innovation and profitability. It is by fully understanding the role of business economics that a business can full achieve profit maximation.


Disruption in your industry is a rift, new trends happen. What customers perceive as valuable this year may vary.


Even if you developed a new segmentation last year and painstakingly assigned customers; it will always feel like a work in progress because of the market changes.


Life is not a simple price volume chart.


In business, price and value correlated, dynamic and leading indicators of profitability.


The role of the pricing management team is to complete this picture for the business. So that they can make more informed pricing decisions and drive sustainable growth and profitability in the process.


But of course, taking a price increase is never as simple as the price volume chart makes out. It takes pricing competence, and know-how to sort through the huge amounts of transactional data. Then analyse this data to optimise prices across thousands of products; customers and segments – to be more exact it takes an expert pricing team.


A key role for a pricing management function, therefore, is to challenge traditional economic principles every single day. Ensuring you capture the full price and value of your offer no matter the situation.


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